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Apostolic Succession

The first Christians had no doubts about how to determine which was the true Church and which doctrines the true teachings of Christ. The test was simple: Just trace the apostolic succession of the claimants.

Apostolic succession is the line of bishops stretching back to the apostles. All over the world, all Catholic bishops including that of Orthodox and Roman are part of a lineage that goes back to the time of the apostles, something that is impossible in Protestant denominations (most of which do not even claim to have bishops).

The role of apostolic succession in preserving true doctrine is illustrated in the Bible. To make sure that the apostles’ teachings would be passed down after the deaths of the apostles, Paul told Timothy, [What you have heard from me before many witnesses entrust to faithful men who will be able to teach others also" (2 Tim. 2:2). In this passage he refers to the first three generations of apostolic succession—his own generation, Timothy’s generation, and the generation Timothy will teach.

The Church Fathers, who were links in that chain of succession, regularly appealed to apostolic succession as a test for whether Catholics or heretics had correct doctrine. This was necessary because heretics simply put their own interpretations, even bizarre ones, on Scripture. Clearly, something other than Scripture had to be used as an ultimate test of doctrine in these cases.

Thus the early Church historian J. N. D. Kelly, a Protestant, writes, "Where in practice was the apostolic testimony or tradition to be found? . . . The most obvious answer was that the apostles had committed it orally to the Church, where it had been handed down from generation to generation. . . . Unlike the alleged secret tradition of the Gnostics, it was entirely public and open, having been entrusted by the apostles to their successors, and by these in turn to those who followed them, and was visible in the Church for all who cared to look for it" (Early Christian Doctrines, 37).

For the early Fathers, "the identity of the oral tradition with the original revelation is guaranteed by the unbroken succession of bishops in the great sees going back lineally to the apostles. . . . [A]n additional safeguard is supplied by the Holy Spirit, for the message committed was to the Church, and the Church is the home of the Spirit. Indeed, the Church’s bishops are . . . Spirit-endowed men who have been vouchsafed ‘an infallible charism of truth’" (ibid.).

Thus on the basis of experience the Fathers could be "profoundly convinced of the futility of arguing with heretics merely on the basis of Scripture. The skill and success with which they twisted its plain meaning made it impossible to reach any decisive conclusion in that field" (ibid., 41).

The Apostolic Succession is the historically traceable lineage of hands-on Consecration (Ordination) of bishops that is an unbroken link with the Holy Apostles.

Our Bishops have maintained Our Apostolic Succession from the Syriac and Antioch Orthodox Church including that of Russia in recent times through Bishops that join our jurisdiction from other Jurisdiction with Apostolic Succession.

Apostolic Succession and Traditions

The Apostolic Succession of
Archbishop Anthony Macfonse O. Akinnugba, O.S.B.

FROM

OUR LORD JESUS THE CHRIST

THROUGH THE APOSTLE ANDREW

through the Apostolic See at Antioch

Cheirothesia February 9, 2014AD.

 

1. Peter the Apostle 35 A.D.

2. Eyodius 44

3. Ignatius (Martyr) 68

4. Earon 107

5. Cornelius 137

6. Eados 142

7. Theophilus 157

8. Maximus 171

9. Seraphim 179

10. Asclepiades (Martyr) 189

11. Philip 210

12. Zebinus 219

13. Babylos (Martyr) 237

14. F'abius 250

15. Demeirius 251

16. Paul I 259

17. Domnus I 270

18. Timotheus 281

19. Cyrilus 291

20. Tyrantus 296

21. Vitalius 301

22. Philogonius 318

23. Eustachius 323

24. Paulinus 338

25. Philabianus 383

26. Evagrius 386

27. Phosporius 416

28. Alexander 418

29. John I 428

30. Theodotus 431

31. Domnus II 442

32. Maximus 450

33. Accacius 454

34. Martyrius 457

35. Peter II 464

36. Phiadius 500

37. Serverius the Great 509

38. Sergius 544

39. Domnus III 547

40. Anastasius 560

41. Gregory I 564

42. Paul II 567

43. Patra 571

44. Domnus IV 586

45. Julianus 591

46. Athanasius I 595

47. John II 636

48. Theodorus I 649

49. Severus 668

50. Athanasius II 684

51. Julianus II 687

52. Elias I 709

53. Athanasius III 724

54. Evanius I 740

55. Gervasius I 759

56. Joseph 790

57. Cyriacus 793

58. Dionsius I 818

59. John III 847

60. Ignatius II 877

61. Theodosius 887

62. Dinousius II 897

63. John IV 910

 64. Evanius 922

65. John V 936

66. Evanius II 954

67. Dionysius 958

68. Abraham I 962

69. John VI 965

70. Athanasius IV 987

71. John VII 1004

72. Dionysius III 1032

73. Theodorus II 1042

74. Athanasius V 1058

75. John VII 1064

76. Basilius II 1074

77. Abdoone 1076

78. Dionysius V 1077

79. Evanius III 1080

80. Dionysius VI 1088

81. Athanasias VI 1091

82. John IX 1131

83. Athanasius VI 1139

84. Michael I (the Great) 1167

85. Athanasius VIII 1200

86. Michael II 1207

87. JohnX 1208

88. Ignatius III 1223

89. Dionysius VII 1253

90. John XI 1253

91. Ignatius IV 1264

92. Philanus 1283

93. Ignatius Baruhid 1293

94. Ignatius Ishmael 1333

95. Ignatius Basilius III 1366

96. Ignatius Abraham II 1382

97. Ignatius Basilius IV 1412

98. Ignatius Bahanam I 1415

99. Ignatius l~aIejih 1455

100. Ignatius John XII 1483

101. Ignatius Noah 1492

102. Ignatius Jesus I 1509

103. Ignatius Jacob I 1510

104. Ignatius David I 1519

105. Ignatius Abdullah 1520

106. Ignatius Naamathalak 1557

107. Ignatius David II 1576

108. Ignatius Philathus 1591

109. Ignatius Abdullah II 1597

110. Ignatius Cadhal 1598

111. Ignatius Simeon 1640

112. Ignatius Jesus II 1653

113. Ignatius A. Massiah I 1661

114. Ignatius Cabeed 1686

115. Ignatius Gervasius III 1687

116. Ignatius Gervasius IV 1708

117. Ignatius Siccarablak 1722

118. Ignatius Qervasius III 1746

119. Ignatius Gervasius IV 1768

120. Ignatius Mathias 1781

121. Ignatius Bahanam II 1810

122. Ignatius Jonas 1817

123. Ignatius Gervasius V 1818

124. Ignatius Elias II 1839

125. Ignatius Jacob II 1847

126. Ignatius Peter III 1872

May 29, 1892, when Father Joseph (Vilathi), a priest who served the Belgian congregations of Little Sturgeon and Green Bay Wisconsin, was summoned to Ceylon to be consecrated the first Bishop for the Church in America. The consecration took place at the Church of Our Lady of Good Death, Colombo Ceylon (Sri Lanka), and was done canonically resulting  from a Bull issued by His Holiness Ignatius Peter III, Patriarch of the Orthodox Syrian Church of Antioch. He was consecrated by Archbishop Julius Alvarez I (a Portugese convert to Orthodoxy from Roman Catholicism), Archbishop Paul Athanasius (Bishop of Kottayam), and Archbishop George Gregorius (Bishop of Niranam) who was later canonized a saint of the Indian (Malankara) Church. The Bull authorizing the consecration was issued on December 29, 1891 and he was given the name "Timotheos".

Thus the Syriac –Greek Antiochian Orthodox Catholic Church independent Jurisdicion was established.

His Beatitude Metropolitan Timotheos Vilathi 1892 – 1920 Died 1929 Primate I

His Beatitude Metropolitan Frederick E Lloyd 1920 – 1932 Died 1933 Primate II

His Eminence Archbishop Daniel Hinton 1932 – 1933 Died?

His Eminence Archbishop Perry Wise Clarkson 1933 – 1941 Died 1942

His Eminence Archbishop Lowell Paul Wadle 1942 – 1951 Died 1965

His Beatitude Metropolitan Joseph John Skureth 1966 – 1980 Died 2013 Primate III

His Beatitude Metropolitan Joseph Gabriel Sokolowski 1980 – 1988 Died 1989 Primate IV

His Beatitude Metropolitan Stephen Robert Thomas 1989 – 2009 Primate V

His Eminence Archbishop Timothy Kjera (2009 till date Coadjuctor

His Excellency Archbishop Anthony Macfonse 2014 till date Legate to Africa

http://orthodoxwiki.org/Apostolic_succession

http://www.syrianchurch.org/pzakka/HH.htm

 

 

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